What are the basic properties of tool materials for precision parts processing

What are the basic properties of tool materials for precision parts processing

The tool material for precision parts processing refers to the material of the cutting part of the tool. During metal cutting, the cutting part of the tool directly contacts the workpiece and the cutting part, bears great cutting pressure and impact force, and generates severe friction with the workpiece and the cutting part, which leads to an increase in laser cutting temperature. This means that the cutting part of the tool is working under the harsh conditions of high temperature, high pressure and severe friction to master the basic properties of the tool material.

So what are the basic properties of the tool material?

  • 1. High hardness. The hardness of the tool material must be higher than the hardness of the workpiece material to be processed. Otherwise, the sharp geometry of the tool cannot be maintained under high temperature and high pressure, which is the basic performance of the tool material.
  • 2. Sufficient strength and toughness. The material of the cutting part of the tool has to withstand great cutting force and impact force during cutting.
  • 3. High abrasion resistance and heat resistance. The wear resistance of tool materials refers to the ability to resist wear. Generally speaking, the higher the hardness of the tool material, the better the wear resistance. The wear resistance of tool materials is also related to the metallographic structure. The more carbides in the metallographic structure, the finer the particles, the more uniform the analysis, and the higher the wear resistance.
  • 4. Good thermal conductivity. Tool materials with good thermal conductivity have enhanced thermal shock resistance and thermal cracking resistance. This performance is very important for intermittent cutting with brittle tool materials, especially when machining workpieces with poor thermal conductivity.
  • 5. Good manufacturability. In order to facilitate manufacturing, the tool material is required to have good precision parts cnc machining performance, including forging, welding, cutting, heat treatment and grindability.
  • 6. Better economy. Economy is one of the main indicators for evaluating new tool materials, and it is also one of the main foundations for correct selection of tool materials and reduction of product costs.
  • 7. Anti-adhesion and chemical stability.

The above points are the properties of the tool materials for precision parts processing. The choice of tools, especially when processing more precise parts, has strict requirements on the tools, so as to meet the processing requirements and give full play to the benefits of CNC lathes.